This article was written by the head men's basketball coach at Thomas University Stephen Cox. Coach Cox is reviving the basketball program at Thomas University and just finished his first season with the program (13-14). Before joining the Night Hawks, Stephen was an assistant coach at Georgia Southwestern University. Coach Cox is also a former basketball player that played at Middle Georgia College and Clayton State University.
Quad threat is a basketball technique we stress quite frequently at Thomas University. Also known as “triple threat,” this technique is the corner stone skill of our player-development program. Quad threat is a simple basketball function that has stimulated our growth of players and helped minimize turnovers in live action. Shoot, pass, dribble and pivot are the four basketball skills that every team at any level uses every day in practice, individual workouts, and games.
Quad threat, or “triple threat” to most, is a learned behavior and a skill that needs to be emphasized more at all levels. We will take a look at each component of quad threat and discuss the movements and actions out of quad threat that can be accomplished.
Everybody loves to hear the old cliché, “you can’t score if you don’t shoot.” There is actually some truth to that statement; however, that phrase focuses on the result, not the process. First and foremost, a basketball player cannot do anything on the court without being in an athletic position: knees bent, feet just outside of shoulder width apart, on balance, chest facing the action, mind alert, back straight, and hands ready to catch.
The closest athletic stance in another sport we like to emphasize is like a short stop in baseball, a line-backer in football, and a tennis or a volleyball player about to receive a serve. Those are all similar athletic positions in their respective sport in which basketball players can relate to. In this athletic stance, quad threat can be accomplished and a player can jump, step, jab, and move forward, backward, sideways, sprint, jog, run, and dive.
There are a million different specific techniques used to shoot a basketball. Every player has his or her own way of being comfortable when shooting a basketball. Now, there is an occasional post player or guard who has never been taught, and who we may start from the beginning with the camp terminologies of “90 degrees,” “shot pocket,” and my personal favorite, “reach in the cookie jar.” Balance is arguably one of the most important aspects of shooting the basketball.
For example, getting the player’s feet aligned to an athletic stance so they have momentum to not fade or lean different directions for a proper balanced release and follow through is an essential aspect. We teach three different kinds of footwork to have when catching the basketball in order to shoot:
- Inside foot pivot – anytime a player is moving toward the basketball inside the 3 point line to catch and square up. The foot closest to the basket is the inside foot (pivot foot) and on the catch he is to turn his hips, face the basket, and be ready to shoot.
- Ball in the air, feet in the air – anytime a player is moving away from the basketball we teach him to take a slight hop in the air to have both feet in the air, and have both feet down on the floor on the catch for a quick fluid release.
- Spot shot – anytime a player is wide open and knows he is going to shoot the basketball on the catch. We teach the player to have 1 foot down on the floor with his hands ready to catch, and while the basketball is on its way he should bring the other foot to the floor, so when the ball touches his hands he can go into his shooting motion for a quick fluid release.
The beauty of this game is that no shot, play or instance in a game is exactly the same every time. Coaches need to teach players multiple ways to shoot the basketball from all different areas on the floor. For example, the Mikan Drill should not only be used for post players, but guards as well.
To guards, coaches sometimes say “get to the basket” or “finish strong.” We all need to do a better job of teaching them what exactly that means. For instance, shooting off of one foot or using both feet is a completely different shot. Roy Williams, the head men’s basketball coach at UNC, said at a clinic: “Getting movement of players and the basketball from place to place on the court is coaching. Once the basketball is shot, that’s recruiting.”
Video: Teaching Shot Preparation
A good skilled perimeter to post entry distribution of the basketball against pressure is a lost art in our game. I have seen too many times where a guard just flings the basketball into the post, my players included, and it gets tipped or is a bad pass where the post player can’t make a move and has to adjust because the pass was so bad.
As offered, quad threat focuses on the process of teaching players to become more skilled in their efforts to make a simple catchable pass into the post, or just simply passing it to a wide open shooter. A pass is a team effort. On a pass, the basketball has to be thrown at a speed against pressure where the defender guarding the ball doesn’t touch it and creates a turnover.
Additionally, the catcher must be available to create a sort of separation from his defender so he can catch the basketball without fumbling it. If the passer starts the process of passing in quad threat and the catcher ends the process in quad threat, I would most certainly like the chances of that pass being completed. As a coach, have you ever told a player, “bad job!” for getting into quad threat?
Quad threat teaches a player how to begin the process of dribbling. As is known, the whole purpose of dribbling the basketball is to get to different places on the court to get a shot attempt. Sean Miller, the head coach of the men’s basketball program at Arizona, has a great drill on YouTube as it teaches point guards to create a space between the ball handler and the player guarding the basketball against unbelievable pressure.
This space allows the ball handler a second or two to gather himself and make a play. He calls this space “the gap.” An offensive player handling the basketball wants space from the defender so he can gain momentum to get from spot to spot on the court. Also, once that guard has created “the gap” between himself and defender it is a pressure release to get into an offense.
Video: Sean Miller Drill
On the catch, quad threat begins the process that allows that offensive player to get to different places on the court in an athletic stance against an unwavering defender.
At the college level, and perhaps all levels, good guards are determined by their get-by ability, which is an offensive player getting by their defender in full or half court. Some players that are fast or quick get-by players, but also, some players that are strong and powerful get-by players. Quad threat begins the process of the getting by, and dribbling ends the process of ability to move past a defender to put himself in a position to make a play.
Pivoting is the most under-coached and under-valued skill in the game. It is a skill that is not taught enough and the good players always exhibit the best and the timeliest of pivots. Accomplishing such skill starts out of quad threat. Forward and reverse pivoting are equally important.
For example, a player may pivot forward into pressure to make the defender back up to create space to shoot, pass or dribble. Or, a player may reverse pivot away from the defender to take space available with the dribble. Jab stepping is a form of pivoting and it complicates a defender on where a player may be going.
A great drill we use is called “Georgetown.” John Thompson originated this drill and it is great for all levels to improve skill.
- Start with a player’s toes on the baseline facing the court in quad threat. It is best to start on “the T,” where the baseline meets the lane line.
- On a coach’s command, starting pivoting forward on the player’s left foot in an aggressive, fast, but controlled manner.
- On another coach’s command, the player dribbles (in a straight line) as fast as he/she can to the nearest free throw line and ends the dribbling with a BIG jump stop.
- After the jump start, the player pivots forward on the player’s left foot in an aggressive, fast, but controlled manner again.
- On a coach’s command, the player dribbles (in a straight line) as fast as he/she can to half court and ends the dribbling with a BIG jump stop.
- Repeat the same simulation to the other free throw line and opposite baseline.
- To come back down the floor, the player switches the pivot foot still going forward.
- Then, use the same simulation of all locations on the floor using the reverse pivot.
- Georgetown is completed when the player(s) have gone 4 lengths of the floor pivoting forward and reverse with both feet.
Shoot, pass, dribble and pivot are the four cornerstones of the most embraced basketball skill by coaches: Quad Threat. This is a skill that needs to be utilized more at all levels to improve player development. It can be deemed as “boring” and not flamboyant, but it is our jobs as basketball coaches to improve our players’ skill level and to make it fun and useful into our respective programs.